The introduction of the artificial organ of balance has come one step nearer closer again, thanks to a subsidy of over € 700,000 from ZonMw, Health Holland and the Heinsius Houbolt Foundation. With this financial impulse scientists of the Maastricht UMC+ will implant an artificial version of this minuscule organ into eight patients suffering from serious imbalance problems. This is the first time that the daily life with an artificial organ of balance will be simulated in a test environment. The objective is to sooner make the treatment available to patients.
The organ of balance is located deeply in the so-called petrous bone, behind the ear (one on each side). Here it makes sure that we experience a stable world. People with whom the organ stops functioning on both sides, experience a feeling of disorientation, dizziness and/or discomfort. They continuously lose their balance and this strongly restricts their daily functioning. As much as 75% of the patients is unfit for work. So far, treatment by surgery or medication has been impossible. The artificial organ of balance is meant to change this.
Balance and hearing implant
Another important scientific development is the introduction of the vestibulo-cochlear implant (VCI), a balance and hearing implant in one.
USH type1– there are three different clinical types – includes both congenital deafness and failure of the organ of balance. A part of the people suffering from USH type 3 is confronted with failure of balance in later childhood or at a later age.
The artificial organ of hearing and balance, the VCI, can improve the lives of these patients.
The artificial organ of balance is a small implant which takes over the work of the ‘real’ organ. First of all, it registers the movements that people make. These signals are then passed on to the brains to determine the orientation and to keep the balance. Since the development of the first prototype in 2012, the physicians of the Maastricht UMC+ and the university hospital of Geneva have given an artificial organ to thirteen patients. At this moment, the implants are only used in test settings. “Now is the time to bring things closer to the patients and to study the daily use”, according to ENT specialist Dr Raymond van de Berg and his colleague Marc van Hoof.
Available in a few years
The artificial organ of balance, called a Vestibular Implant (VI)) is implanted into the ear by surgery. This VI can be inserted beside an already present cochlear implant. The VI can be available to all patients in the Netherlands in about 5 years.
Quality of life
With this subsidy, an artificial model of the organ of balance can be implanted into eight patients with failure of the organ of balance on both sides. For this patients are hospitalised in a rehabilitation setting in which the daily use, the functioning and the safety of the implant are analysed. Additionally, an overview is made of the personal requirements and needs of the patients. Also, it is investigated whether the amount and quality of information sent from the implant to the brains can be further expanded and improved. Van de Berg: ‘Of course, the eventual objective is to literally and figuratively offer the patients more balance and so give them back their quality of life and enable them to better function in society.’ At a rough estimate, Europe counts 500,000 patients suffering from imbalance problems. The introduction of the artificial organ of balance could help hundreds of patients in the Netherlands.
Participation in user committee
A female patient suffering from Usher Syndrome is a member of the user committee of the VertiGO! study. She assists in the further development of the VI and the VCI. This patient does not have the VI/VCI herself.
The study is titled ‘VertiGO!’ and the research is co-funded by Health Holland, the Hoormij Foundation, ‘De negende van’ Foundation, the Usher Syndrome Foundation and external partners, including the University of Geneva, manufacturer MED-EL, the Heinsius Houbolt Foundation, the Apeldoorns Duizeligheidscentrum, LUMC and the Radboud UMC.
Source: Maastricht UMC+